"Liquor is a fine food." People in China favor traditional grain wines. Traditionally, most white spirits also strive to be self-proclaimed as pure grain wines. The raw materials on the outer packaging are sorghum, wheat, peas, glutinous rice, etc. additive. However, are these wines really pure grains? From the questions raised by simple cost calculations, to the fact that the additive companies are on the right side of the rum, and then to the industry’s intimidating minds, the Dahe reporter has been combing out the “pure grain wine” deep in the investigation for months. secret.

Market sellers all claim that their own wine is made of pure grain, but according to the market price of grain accounting costs, the winery must be "dead"

"A pound of wine has to sell 2.2 yuan, there are sold more than 10 yuan, which is pure grain brewing it?" July 26, in Zhengzhou City, a large supermarket by the three-way, a consumer pointing to the shelf Several liquors questioned questioning reporters at the scene.

The reporter did a lot of homework before the interview and knew that the “National Liquor Industry Standard for Pure Grain Solid Fermentation Liquors” mandatory regulations: Pure grain solid fermentation liquor produced in the liquor industry refers to sorghum, corn, wheat, rice, barley, barley, buckwheat As well as legumes (excluding potato), they are naturally fermented in all-solid or semi-solid state (for rice-flavor liquor) in mud pits, stone pits and pottery, porcelain, cement, etc. The liquor products obtained by high-temperature distillation must not be allowed to be blended with aroma substances that are mixed with aromatic esters and non-white spirits. At the same time, it is also known that for the wines produced by other methods, the current “General Rules for the Labeling of Pre-packaged Beverage Wines” has mandatory labeling requirements. The added water and edible alcohols should be marked in the list of ingredients; when the national standards or industry standards for alcoholic products are allowed When using food additives, a specific name or category name should be marked.

To the consumer's doubts, the reporter answered after looking at the packaging. These liquors were marked on the packaging of sorghum, wheat, peas and glutinous rice. They were not labelled with alcohol and additives. They should be pure grain wine.

I did not expect this answer to be refuted. The consumer then used the mobile Internet to search for the current grain wholesale price. He said: Gaochun 2.68 yuan to 5.8 yuan/kg, barley rice 7 yuan/jin, wheat 1.2 yuan to 2.5 yuan/jin, and pea 9.8 yuan/jin. There is a jargon called three pounds of grain brewed a pound of wine, according to price projections, these cheap wine can not be pure grain brewed.

The reporter discovered that many alcoholic specialty stores in Zhengzhou and Shangchao found that, except for the cheaper Erguotou produced by three Beijing-based distillers, the additives were marked with ethyl acetate and other additives, and only the raw materials of the other wines were marked with sorghum, wheat, rice, and peas. Other foods are not available.

So are these white wines made from pure grains? The salespersons of various manufacturers insist that these wines are made from pure grains and nothing is added.
Reporter took a supermarket original price of 26 yuan, is now selling 9.9 yuan a catty blue porcelain bottled "grain wine", so that the Zhengzhou City Alcohol Association Director Zhang Peijian identification.

Zhang Peijian said that without identification it can be concluded that 100% of this wine is blended with alcohol and additives. He analyzed that: after deducting 50% to 100% of the profit from the manufacturer to the provincial agency and the same proportion of profit from the provincial agency to the Shangchao, the cost of deducting 3 yuan from the porcelain bottle and 2 yuan from the outer package, and the costs paid by the manufacturer and the agent respectively. Advertising fees, logistics fees, labor costs, utilities, storage fees, management fees, and taxes, and so on, are worth a few cents. If it is grain wine, the winery will not die?

Many additives in the perfumery have been sold to the winery's purchase order but they have no intention of stating that there are so many “grain wines” in the spice market. Are they really blended with alcohol and additives?

At the end of March of this year, the reporter participated in the National Sugar and Wine Association held in Chengdu. During this period, from time to time, some people gave the reporter a message for the fragrance of spices. The reporter chatted with these spice manufacturers and revealed secrets that the outside world did not know: In this industry, some people have made cocktails very mysterious. In fact, cocktails are different additives added to wine.

In a subsequent investigation, the reporter found that many of the products of the alcohol factory and the Spice Flavor Factory were sold to the wineries.

Yangjiang, Guangdong is known as the "Hometown of Chinese Spices," said the Yangjiang Dongyang Perfume Factory on the July 25th Dahe Daily reporter said that they produced the fragrance, sorghum-type, Maotai flavor, Maotai-flavor liquor flavor, etc. , More sales to Zhejiang, Jiangsu several wineries.

The Weishi County Perfumery Factory produces more than 100 kinds of spices such as synthetic alcohol. The factory's Jian said that their products are sold in wineries all over the country. The person in charge of the Hongyuan Perfumery Factory in Henan Province, said in an interview with a reporter from CCTV, the winery also said that the winery had introduced spices from their factories. However, the purchase orders were not intended to indicate that they were spices.

Sichuan is a major producer of alcohol and the manufacturers of alcohol are numerous. It is an open secret for many domestic wineries to pull alcohol back into blending liquor. Similarly, the perfumery here stands shoulder to shoulder. The flavors and fragrances produced by Sichuan North Garden Bioengineering Co., Ltd., Sichuan Yinfan Biotechnology Co., Ltd., and Sichuan Shenlian Science and Technology Co., Ltd., such as glacial acetic acid, ethyl lactate, and n-propanol, are mostly sold to wineries. This phenomenon was exposed by CCTV on April 15 this year.

Winery blending "grain liquor" is exposed to the original wine plus alcohol and water, plus a variety of flavors and spices to optimize the taste

The essence and perfumery company claims that the additives it produces are sold to the winery. Then, does the winery use these additives to blend liquor?

Before and after the National Conference on Sugarcane in Chengdu, some wineries invited reporters to visit them from time to time. The reporter personally visited several wineries to produce first-line products. After enjoying the pure grain liquor that flowed out of the steamer, there was a slight bitter taste, and the same brand of wine that was not bought in the store was delicious and could not taste alcohol, cotton, and soft.

Manufacturers did not let the reporters tune into the department, and the reporters did not know how to adjust the wine, and the bartenders were reluctant to disclose their blended technical and commercial secrets.

However, the wine-making process of some wineries was still photographed and exposed by CCTV reporters.
Sichuan Jinsui Industrial Co., Ltd. uses pure grain solid-state fermentation technology to make liquor. According to national standards, this liquor is not allowed to add any non-liberty fermenting substances. However, in the company's bartending room, the bartenders mixed the consumption of alcohol, water, and the original wine, then took out a small needle and added something to it. The bartender said that this is glacial acetic acid. After adding alcohol and water to the original wine, the taste of the wine is light, and the taste cannot meet the requirements of consumers. To optimize the taste, the secret is to add a variety of flavors such as acids or esters. . There are more than 20 kinds of spice additives stored in the cabinets of the bartending rooms.

In Chengdu, Zhangzhou, Yibin and other places, Chengdu Kunning Wine Co., Ltd., Sichuan Zhangzhou Winery, Sichuan Yibin Drunken Wine Co., Ltd., etc. have also been found using this method to blend liquor.

For this phenomenon, on July 18th, the “Sichuan Liquors Industry Development Research Report” issued by the Sichuan Golden Triangle Wine Association in China admitted that the “plasticizers” and “additives” incidents of white spirits since 2012 have exposed the province. The hidden dangers in the production quality and safety awareness of some liquor companies have a major impact on the development of the liquor industry in the province. The association requires the industry to "eliminate hidden dangers such as liquor "plasticizers" and "additives".

The industry association liquor plus flavor is "hidden rules"

There is nothing wrong with the new brewing process, but it is imperative to impersonate fraudulent consumers by impersonating the “grain wine”.

Using alcohol and various additives to blend pure grain wine. Is this case or common phenomenon?

Zhang Yunwang, vice president and secretary-general of the Zhengzhou Liquor Association, claimed to be “ready to be prepared by many wineries.” In an interview with the Dahebao reporter, he said that the solid-state fermentation of pure grains is brewed using traditional techniques. In the 1960s, due to the tight food supply, in order to save food, the liquor industry began to explore the use of alternative raw materials for the production of liquor, known as the new process liquor. The new process liquor is liquor made from edible alcohol and additives. There is nothing wrong with the new brewing process, but it would be wrong to impersonate the "grain liquor" with the new liqueur.

Zhang Yunwang said that the new process liquor that is now popular in the market belongs to the traditional solid-state liquor flavor. Due to the process decision, the quality always lags behind that of the solid-state liquor and can only produce medium and low-grade liquor. The liquors in these grades are essentially not grain wines, but are the combination of water, alcohol, flavors and fragrances such as alcohols, acids, esters, and aldehydes. For example: Luzhou-flavor liquor = ethyl caproate + ethyl acetate + ethyl lactate + ethyl butyrate + ... Maotai liquor = ethyl acetate + ethyl lactate + ethyl caproate + n-propanol + B Acetal +... Adding these additives to the wine has become the unspoken rules of the industry. Without these, the alcohol, cotton, and softness of the wine will fade, and the balance will be added. Many consumers believe that the cups of wine are aged wines. In fact, the use of glycerin can make cups have the effect of hanging cups. It is difficult to say that they are not clouds. .

“Manufacturers do not label 'solid grain solid state fermentation' on the outer packaging, do not mark out additives and alcohol, and are the cover for their sales of 'pure grain brewing' and are completely fraudulent consumers,” said Zhang Yunwang.

The lack of effective monitoring of existing Riga additives and alcohol machines by inspection agencies is inexcusable

A survey by the reporter found that the price of raw wine produced from pure grains was between 18,000 and 30,000 yuan and one ton of edible alcohol was 3,000 yuan, only 1/10 to 1/6 of the original wine price, and the price of flavor and spice used for blending was about One or two dollars a pound. Wines that are blended with alcohol and spices are sold at a price of “grainy wine” and have a considerable profit.

If so many wines are in the name of “grain wine” in the name of “pure food”, aren't they afraid of being punished? The reporter’s investigation found that there is still a blind spot in the technical supervision in this area.

The Zhengzhou Station of the National Light Industry Food Quality Supervision and Testing Center and the Zhengzhou Station of the National Food, Beverage and Alcoholic Goods Consumption Dispute Test told two reporters that the alcohol and artificially manufactured additives of the Riga were the same as the naturally occurring ones. Come out, therefore, the additive and alcohol machine of liquor Riga cannot be found.

The inspection department is incapable of dealing with this kind of behavior and the market chaos can be imagined. As early as in 2005, Zhong Jie, Luo Jian, and Chen Xin of the National Liquor Product Quality Supervision and Inspection Center pointed out in the article “Standard for the Correct Selection and Use of Sweeteners in Liquor Production” that there are hardly any middle or low gears on the market. Liquor product labeling marks the name of the food additive used, and is afraid of acknowledging that it will affect product sales and suffer from peer accusations. Industry sources pointed out that at present, the situation is still the case.

How to discern the color after proportionally adding water If it is a pure grain wine, the wine will turn into a cloudy milky white

The chaos in the market is difficult to control. Is there an easy way to identify whether alcohol is a grain wine?

Mr. Chen Wen of Zhengzhou Wine Culture Research Association and Zhengzhou Liquor Association provided a method for water testing. For reference: add 1:1 ratio of wine and water in a transparent glass. If it is pure grain wine, drink It will become turbid milky white, because the milky substance that is precipitated is a higher fatty acid and is a kind of nutritive substance. When the wine body is added with water, the solubility of alcohol decreases and then it precipitates. After adding high-end spirits to this ratio, the wine in the cup will turn milky, but it will contain a little blue, which is due to the presence of foreign spices and alcohol, indicating that there are few food ingredients, alcohol, and spices are under the light. There is a loss of light and a light blue color appears. There is no change in adding low-grade wine to water in the same proportion. This is due to the lack of food ingredients in the wine.

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